Math Accessibility Resource List
Credits: This resource was originally compiled by Gaeir Dietrich, High Tech Center Training Unit of the California Community Colleges; John Gardner, ViewPlus Technologies; and Neil Soiffer, Design Science. Thank you!!! Additional resources were added to this resource by Steve Jacobs, Apps4Android, Inc., IDEAL Group, Inc., and InftyReader Group, Inc. Important note: If your STEM accessibility resource is not listed on this page, and you would like for it be, please send the appropriate listing information to: steve.jacobs (at) ideal-group.org |
Information, Articles, and Papers:
Accessible EPUB 3: Best Practices for Creating Universally Usable Content
Projects:
Diagram
At the present time, print disabled students are
at a disadvantage compared to their sighted peers because textbooks often lack
descriptions of the images they contain, or if descriptions exist, they may
not be as helpful to understand the material as they could be. The goal the
DIAGRAM Center is to help alleviate these situations.
Mathematics eText Research Center
investigates how digital textbooks might
increase access and enhance the learning of mathematics by students with
Learning Disabilities and Visual Impairments. MeTRC is funded by the Office of
Special Education Programs at the U.S. Department of Education. The mission of
the Mathematics eText Research Center is to investigate how the printed
materials used by teachers and students in mathematics classrooms can be
converted into electronic forms, and how the increased capabilities of such
digital textbooks might increase access to mathematics and improve the
learning and achievement of students with Learning Disabilities and Visual
Impairments. MeTRC is funded by the Office of Special Education Programs at
the U.S. Department of Education.
Web-Based Resources:
NASA's Math Description Engine
NASA's Math Description Engine (MDE) Software Development Kit can be used by
software developers to make computer-rendered graphs more accessible to blind
and visually-impaired users. It has a simple API that lets you easily add
alternative text and sound descriptions to your graphs. Version 1 of the MDE
SDK generates text descriptions for 2D graphs commonly seen in math and
science curriculum (and practice). The mathematically rich text descriptions
can also serve as a virtual math and science assistant for blind and
sighted users, making graphs more accessible for everyone.
A BIG Thank You to Terry Hodgson,
the author of NASA’s MDE!
Standards:
International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF)
The International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) is the global trade and
standards organization dedicated to the development and promotion of
electronic publishing and content consumption. The work of the IDPF promotes
the development of electronic publishing applications and products that will
benefit creators of content, makers of reading systems, and consumers. The
IDPF develops and maintains the EPUB content publication standard that enables
the creation and transport of reflowable digital books and other types of
content as digital publications that are interoperable between disparate EPUB-compliant
reading devices and applications.
Obtaining Scientific Books in Accessible Formats:
Braille Books:
Electronic files in DAISY or BRF Format:
XHTML and/or MathML:
Converting Mainstream Math Documents to Accessible Format:
Infty Reader: InftyReader is an Optical Character Recognition (OCR) application that recognizes and translates scientific documents. InftyReader can import files of the following types: TIF, BMP, GIF, PNG and PDF. InftyReader can translate files into IML (proprietary format), LaTeX, XHTML (MathML) and MS Word 2007 (XML). InftyReader can recognize tables including math expressions in the cells so long as the ruled lines are not broken. InftyReader incorporates the use of three OCR engines. The first is InftyReader’s own OCR engine which has been designed to recognize scientific and mathematical symbols in formulae. The second and third OCR engines are from the Toshiba Corporation (ExpressReaderPro) and MediaDrive Corporation (WinReader). The ExpressReaderPro and WinReader OCR engines operate simultaneously in order to improve the recognition results of characters appearing in ordinary text areas.
BMP image of math equations -> being converted, automatically, into a LaTeX file
BMP image of math equations -> being converted, automatically, into a MathML file
PNG image of math equations -> being converted, automatically, into a LaTeX file
PNG image of math equations -> being converted, automatically, into a MathML file
TIF image of math equations -> being converted, automatically, into a LaTeX file
TIF image of math equations -> being converted, automatically, into a MathML File
MS Word:
MathType: exports as XHTML+MathML
Tiger Software Suite: translates to Braille with Nemeth, UK, French, or Marburg math Braille or DotsPlus)
Duxbury Braille Translator: translates from Word or Scientific Notebook to Braille with Nemeth math Braille
Reading Math:
XHTML+MathML MathPlayer: Makes MathML audio—readable by screen readers in documents displayed in Internet Explorer)
MS Word MathType: The hot key ALT-\ converts MathType equations to Latex, which is readable by screen readers)
ChattyInfty: a talking math editor. It can export files into the following formats: LaTeX, HTML, MathML, Human Readable TeX (HrTeX), Word 2007, Spoken Text (entire document, current paragraph and selected text), and Word XML. Can Import files of the following types: LaTeX, image file (TIF, BMP, GIF, and PNG), Scanner, and PDF file. ChattyInfty is an extended version of InftyEditor with a plug-in speech interface to output in voice the content of editing data by InftyEditor including math expressions, accordingly to the cursor movement. It is an editor of math documents with voice output, usable by people with visually impairments.
DAISY books:
EasyReader: reads math in audio and links to IVEO Viewer for accessing DAISY SVG graphics
gh Player DAISY Reader: Reads math in audio or Braille and links to IVEO Viewer for accessing DAISY SVG graphics)
Read Hear: by gh for Macintosh
Bright Line Reading Guide: AFB www.aph.org (Colored overlay to help with reading. Works for some low vision and LD students)
Magnetic squares for Nemeth math, algebra, geometry: MathWindow
Writing Math:
ChattyInfty: a talking math editor. It can export files into the following formats: LaTeX, HTML, MathML, Human Readable TeX (HrTeX), Word 2007, Spoken Text (entire document, current paragraph and selected text), and Word XML. Can Import files of the following types: LaTeX, image file (TIF, BMP, GIF, and PNG), Scanner, and PDF file. ChattyInfty is an extended version of InftyEditor with a plug-in speech interface to output in voice the content of editing data by InftyEditor including math expressions, accordingly to the cursor movement. It is an editor of math documents with voice output, usable by people with visually impairments. See: Beta Speech Recognition (SR) Interface to ChattyInfty
Scientific Notebook: MathTalk+Dragon Naturally Speaking (voice input)
MS Word: MathType: LaTeX equations convert to MathType with hot key ALT-\)
Latex (mainstream layout language with ASCII source code)
Nemeth math Braille to print back-translators
Calculating:
Handheld calculators. A number with different capabilities are available from:
American Printing House for the Blind: Orion TI-36X, works for algebra I & II, geometry, trigonometry, statistics, calculus, computer science, biology, chemistry, physics, or engineering
Audio graphing calculator Windows software application:
Accessible mainstream computational applications:
Low tech hand tools APH—Louis database www.aph.org (follow the shop APH link)
Cranmer abacus (non-slip)
Braille ruler, protractor, compass
Brannan Cubarithm (braille math-cube board)
Graphic aids for mathematics
Tactile system for solving algebraic word problems: Hands-on Equations
Graphics:
High resolution embossed tactile graphics: ViewPlus embossers (Tactile copy embossed from any Windows’ application)
Capsule paper graphics: PIAF
Audio-tactile graphics:
IVEO Creator: Creates/converts graphics to accessible DAISY SVG. Audio-tactile access with a touchpad and tactile copy – that may be created by printing the file to a ViewPlus embosser
IVEO Viewer: free viewer for accessible SVG permits audio/tactile access to DAISY SVG using touchpad and tactile copy – that may be created by printing file to a ViewPlus embosser)
Algebra assessing, learning, graphing: ALEKS
Nemeth Braille and tactile graphics: Alternate Text Production Center (ATPC)
Raised Line Drawing Kit: MaxiAids: The Geometric Set is good; search on keyword “Geometry”
Peel and stick color-coded tactile patterns: Tactile Colour Communication Society
Stick-on lines: Wikki Stix
Math Learning Tools:
Video tutorials for basic math and algebra: ModuMath Tutorials
Algebra2go videos for math: MuchoMath
Math tips and Nemeth cheat sheets: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired